Friday 5th October 2007, 3.00 PM
Laboratoire d'Océanographie et du Climat - Expérimentation et Analyse Numérique
Meeting room nr. 417, corridor 45-55, 4th floor
4 place de Jussieu
75252 PARIS CEDEX 05

Seminar: Optimal retrieval of vegetation canopy characteristics and partitioning of the solar radiant fluxes using operational MODIS and MISR surface albedo products
by Bernard PINTY , Global Environment Monitoring Unit, IES, EC Joint Research Centre, Italy


We present a computer efficient inversion software procedure enabling us to retrieve optimally, from operational Terra broadband surface albedo products, a series of key vegetation characteristics such as the Leaf Area Index (LAI), the leaf optical properties and the brightness of the soil underneath the canopy. The approach uses an advanced two-stream radiation transfer model dedicated to climate and carbon flux model applications. This inversion procedure itself implements the adjoint code, generated using automatic differentiation techniques, of a cost function. This cost function balances two main contributions reflecting: 1) the a priori knowledge on the model parameter values 2) the remotely sensed flux and associated uncertainties together with the requirement to minimize the mismatch between these measurements and the two-stream model simulations. The individual weights of these contributions are specified notably via covariance matrices of the uncertainties in the a priori knowledge on the model parameters and the observations. This package also reports on the probability density functions of the retrieved model parameter values that thus permit the user to evaluate the a posteriori uncertainties on these retrievals.
We will discuss results from applications conducted using MODIS and MISR operational surface albedo products over selected EOS validation sites spanning a range of vegetation type conditions and where ground-based estimates are available. These applications are performed over full phenological vegetation cycles and include snow contaminated conditions. Our results are compared to those available from operational MODIS and MISR algorithms (LAI and Fraction of Absorbed Photosynthetically Active Radiation, among others) and are shown to exhibit much more accurate and consistent temporal patterns. Our current capabilities to accurately partition the solar fluxes between the vegetation layer, involving complex 3-D structural heterogeneities, and the underneath soil will be stressed as well.

For more information: B. PINTY (B. Pinty email)

Link to presentation: ppt file

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