Tuesday 18th April 2006 Jussieu LMD Meeting Room
Corridor 45-55, 4th floor
4 place de Jussieu
75252 PARIS CEDEX 05

Seminar on Bayesian Spatial Modeling of Extreme Precipitation Return Levels
by Philippe NAVEAU, LSCE (CNRS-CEA)

Résumé

Quantification of precipitation extremes is important for flood planning purposes, and a common measure of extreme events is the r-year return-level. We present a method for producing maps of precipitation return levels and uncertainty measures and apply to a Colorado region. Separate hierarchical models are constructed for the intensity and the frequency of extreme precipitation events. For intensity, we model daily precipitation above a high threshold at 56 weather stations with the Generalized Pareto Distribution. For frequency, we model the number of exceedances at the stations as binomial random variables. Both models assume that the regional extreme precipitation is driven by a latent spatial process characterized by geographical and climatological covariates. Effects not fully described by the covariates are captured by spatial structure in the hierarchies. Spatial methods were improved by working in a space with climatological coordinates. Inference is provided by an MCMC algorithm and spatial interpolation method, which provide a natural method for estimating uncertainty.

For more information: P. Naveau (P. Naveau email)

Link to presentation: pdf file

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